In the workplace, people often refer to
waste as tangible items such as materials, water or electricity, to
mention just a few. However, in productivity management, waste is
usually defined as "any form of work which does not add value to the
final output" (Seong, 2007). Waste also refers to anything other than
the minimum amount of equipment, materials, worker's time and parts
space which are absolutely essential to add value to the goods or
Other definition of waste, as given by the Malaysian Productivity Corporation (2010) includes:
Any resource consuming activity that delivers no value to the Customer,
Anything that adds cost to the product without adding value.
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